Saturday, March 05, 2016

Citizenship Education in Scotland - 1: a quick look

This reading follows on from Kiwan, 2008, which made clear the link between KoLL and citizenship as taught in England. The working of the Crick Report, (QCA, 1998) and its progeny in Scotland is not addressed by Kiwan, 2008.

Enabling children and young people to be “a responsible citizen” is one of the “four capacities” for which the Curriculum for Excellence is designed, (the others being successful learners, confident individuals, and effective contributors). It is therefore an integral component in Scottish school education, (Education Scotland, 2012).

See Cowan & McMurtry, 2009, for some historical background, and the relationship with the Crick Report.

Biesta (2008) refers to Learning and Teaching Scotland (2000). [Can’t track that down this afternoon, but see results at

… Come back to this on Monday morning. Khalas.]


Biesta, G. (2008). What kind of citizen? What kind of democracy? Citizenship education and the Scottish Curriculum for Excellence. Scottish Educational Review, 40(2), 38-52

Blee, H. & McClosky, A. (2003) Perspectives on the Provision of Education for Citizenship in Scotland and France, Including a Small-Scale Comparative Study on Pupil Experience in Brittany and Scotland. European Conference on Educational Research. Hamburg:

Cowan, E. M., & McMurtry, D. C. (2009). The implementation of ‘Education for Citizenship’in schools in Scotland: A research report. The Curriculum Journal, 20(1), 61-72.

Education Scotland (2012). The Purpose of the Curriculum. In Learning and Teaching (What is Curriculum for Excellence?). Retrieved from

Kiwan, D (2008). A Journey to Citizenship in the United Kingdom. International Journal on Multicultural Societies, 10 (1), 60-76.

QCA, (1998). Education for Citizenship and the Teaching of Democracy in Schools (Crick Report). London: Qualifications and Curriculum Authority.

Learning and Teaching Scotland (2000) Education for Citizenship: A Paper for Discussion and Consultation, Dundee: Learning and Teaching Scotland