Thursday, January 07, 2016

Thinking Ahead: Pond Plants


Below, a list of pond plants from wildlifetrusts.org, (link goes to a pdf, and, just saying, it wanted proofing). Look at the names! Hornwort, Bladderwort, Stinking Iris, Lady's Smock, Bungle, Creeping Jenny... Like a window onto the Middle Ages. 

Submerged oxygenators
Spike Water Milfoil - Myriophyllum spicatum
Hornwort - Ceratophyllym demersum (pollution intolerant) 

Shining Pondweed - Potamogeton lucens
Horned Pondweed  - Zannichellia palustris
Fennel Pondweed - Potamogeton pectinatus (pollution tolerant) 

Water Starwort - Callitriche stagnalis (pollution intolerant)

Floating-leaved
Water Crowfoot/Buttercup - Ranunculus aquatilis (pollution intolerant) 
Bladderwort - Urticularia spp
Frogbit - Hydrocharis morsus-ranae
Broad-leaved Pondweed - Potamogeton natans (pollution tolerant) 

Curled Pondweed - Potamogeton crispus (pollution tolerant)

Emergent
Branched Bur-reed - Sparganium erectum (tall; can be invasive, but a good alternative to Typha)
Amphibious Bistort - Persicaria amphibium
Arrowhead - Sagittaria aquatilis

Water Crowfoot - Ranunculus aquatilis
Water mint - Mentha aquatica (can be invasive: also strong scent deters some insects)
Flowering Rush - Butomus umbellatus
Water Plantain - Alisma plantago-aquatica (tall)
Water Forget-me-not - Myosotis Scorpiodes
Stinking Iris - Iris foetidissima (tallish)
Marsh Cinquefoil - Potentilla palustris
Swamp grasses - good for pond invertebrates
Yellow flag - Iris Pseudacorus (can be a little invasive)


Marginals
Flowering Rush - Butomus umbellatus
Lady’s Smock - Cardamine pratensis
Marsh marigold - Caltha palustris
Purple Loosestrife - Lythrum salicaria (tall; a wonderful bee plant) 

Gipsywort - Lycopus europaeus
Sedges large and small
Meadowsweet - Filipendula ulmaria (tallish; good for birds in autumn) 

Brooklime - Veronica beccabunga
Ragged Robin - Lychnis floscuculi
Soft Rush - Juncus effusus
Water Forget-me-not - Myosotis scorpioides
Bungle - Ajuga reptans
Water Avens - Geum rivale (spreading)
Marsh Woundwort - Stachys palustris (tall)
Great Willowherb - Epilobium hirsutum (tall)
Hemp Agrimony - Eupatorium cannabinum (tall)
Fleabane - Pulicaria dysenterica
Marsh Foxtail - Alopecurus geniculatus.
Fool’s Watercress - Apium nodiflorum
Common Spike-rush - Eleocharis palustris
Water Pepper - Persicaria hydropiper
Silverweed - Potentilla anserina
Creeping Jenny - Lysimachia nummularia (low growing ground cover)
Water Dock Rumex hydrolapathum (may be invasive)