- "The introduction of biometric identity documents for foreign nationals in 2007 heralded the entrenchment of of immigration status into everyday life." (P12).
- "The [Asylum and Immigration Appeals] Act 1993 introduced... the concept of a claim 'without foundation'... [T]his is based on the idea of a potential entrant as dishonest." (P13)
- Clayton sees (p16) 6 strands emerge in policy evidenced in the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002, and the white paper which preceded it:
- development of highly regulated framework for control of asylum seekers;
- entry for work, where needed, in tightly controlled circumstances;
- institution of a sub-class of people devoid of rights;
- putting many immigration decisions outside the UK;
- concerns over terrorism;
- increase of central government power.
- We want to be re-elected, and the electorate are stupid xenephobes, so we must bring forward legislation they will like; or,
- as above, substitute "Murdoch press & Daily Mail" for "electorate"; or,
- we (policy makers) are all stupid xenophobes, and we think that removing children from their parents and making people do forced work is appropriate in a society governed my the rule of law.
Clayton, G. (2014). Textbook on immigration and asylum law. Oxford university press.